Verbs in Brazilian Portuguese

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Verbs in Brazilian Portuguese – Verbos em Português do Brasil

  Verbs in Brazilian Portuguese – Verbos em Português do Brasil
 
falar
to speak
 
 
 
pronouns
eu
você, ele, ela
nós
vocês, eles, elas
Present
falo
I speak
 
 
 
ar er ir
o
a e e
_mos
am em em
Past
falei
I spoke
 
 
 
ar er ir
ei i i
ou eu iu
_mos
_ram
Imperfect
falava
I used to speak
I would speak *1
I was speaking
I spoke
ar er ir
ava ia
ava ia
ávamos íamos
avam iam
Conditional
falaria
I would speak
*2
 
 
ar er ir
ia
ia
íamos
iam
Future
falarei
I will speak
*3
 
 
ar er ir
ei
á
emos
ão
Present/Past
Participles

estou falando
I am speaking
tenho falado
I have spoken
ar er ir
 
_ndo
ado ido
 
  use the above with verb stem + ending,
(where the underscore is a, e, or i)
infinitive + ending stem + ending
  A sample regular verb
falar
to speak
 
 
falo
fala
falamos
falam
falei
falou
falamos
falaram
falava
falava
falávamos
falavam
falaria
falaria
falaríamos
falariam
falarei
falará
falaremos
falarão
falando
am speaking
falado
have spoken
  The commonest irregular verbs
dar
to give
 
 
dou

damos
dão
dei
deu
demos
deram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
dando
am giving
dado
have given
dizer
to say / tell
 
 
digo
diz
dizemos
dizem
disse
disse
dissemos
disseram
 
 
 
 
 
dir__
 
 
 
dir__
 
 
dizendo
am saying
dito
have said
estar
to be
*4
 
estou
está
estamos
estão
estive
esteve
estivemos
estiveram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
estando
am being
estado
have been
fazer
to do / make
 
 
faço
faz
fazemos
fazem
fiz
fez
fizemos
fizeram
 
 
 
 
 
far__
 
 
 
far__
 
 
fazendo
am making
feito
have made
ir
to go
 
 
vou
vai
vamos
vão
fui
foi
fomos
foram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
indo
am going
ido
have gone
poder
can / be able to
*5
 
posso
pode
podemos
podem
pude
pôde
pudemos
puderam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
podendo
am being able
podido
have been able
pôr
to put
*6
 
ponho
põe
pomos
põem
pus
pôs
pusemos
puseram
punha
punha
púnhamos
punham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
pondo
am putting
posto
have put
querer
to want
 
 
quero
quer
queremos
querem
quis
quis
quisemos
quiseram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
querendo
am wanting
querido
have wanted
saber
to know
 
 
sei
sabe
sabemos
sabem
soube
soube
soubemos
souberam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
sabendo
am knowing
sabido
have known
ser
to be
 
 
sou
é
somos
são
fui
foi
fomos
foram
era
era
éramos
eram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
sendo
am being
sido
have been
ter
to have
similar: manter
similar: deter
tenho
tem
temos
têm
tive
teve
tivemos
tiveram
tinha
tinha
tínhamos
tinham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
tendo
am having
tido
have had
trazer
to bring
 
 
trago
traz
trazemos
trazem
trouxe
trouxe
trouxemos
trouxeram
 
 
 
 
 
trar__
 
 
 
trar__
 
 
trazendo
am bringing
trazido
have brought
ver
to see
 
 
vejo

vemos
vêem
vi
viu
vimos
viram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
vendo
am seeing
visto
have seen
vir
to come
 
 
venho
vem
vimos
vêm
vim
veio
viemos
vieram
vinha
vinha
vínhamos
vinham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
vindo
am coming
vindo
have come
*7
 

falar
to speak
 
 
pronouns
eu
você, ele, ela
nós
vocês, eles, elas
Present
Subjunctive

from: eu falo
drop the o
result: eu fale
 
ar er ir
e a
e a
emos amos
em am
Imperfect
Subjunctive

eles falaram
drop the ram
eu falasse
 
ar er ir
sse
sse
[áêí]ssemos
ssem
Future
Subjunctive

eles falaram
drop the am
eu falar
 
ar er ir
 
 
mos
em
 
 

 
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
 
Present
Subjunctive
Irregular
 
dar


dêmos
dêem
estar
esteja
esteja
estejamos
estejam
ir


vamos
vão
querer
queira
queira
queiramos
queiram
saber
saiba
saiba
saibamos
saibam
ser
seja
seja
sejamos
sejam


  Common ways to combine verbs in Portuguese
estar
+ verb
eu estou falando I am speaking also but less precisely as eu falo
eu estou a falar I am speaking mostly used in Portugal; uncommon in Brazil
eu estava falando I was speaking also but less precisely as eu falava
ir
+ verb
eu vou falar I will speak creates future tense; identical to eu falarei
eu fui falar I went to speak just a normal combo; does not create a new tense
ir
used alone
eu irei ao Brasil I will go to Brazil formal future tense
eu vou ao Brasil I (go / will go) to Brazil tense inferred from context
eu vou todo ano I go every year present tense inferred
eu vou no proximo ano I will go next year future tense inferred
eu vou ir ao Brasil I will go to Brazil bad grammar but often heard
dever/poder
+ verb
eu devo falar I must speak *8, *9
eu deveria falar I should speak  
eu posso falar I can speak; I may speak *10
eu poderia falar I would speak  
gostar
+ verb
eu gosto de falar I like to speak use de between gostar and the verb
eu gostaria de falar I would like to speak  
precisar
+ verb
eu preciso falar I need to speak informal
eu precisaria falar I would need to speak more formal
ter
+ verb
eu tenho que falar I have to speak que pronounced "key"
eu teria que falar I would have to speak  
© 2014 brazilsense.com       Email: dacanada [at-sign] nym.hush.com       Version: 1.0
  • How to use the chart
    • The chart shows the conjugation for regular verbs in the 5 most common tenses, the 3 subjunctive tenses (which are more advanced tenses), the conjugations for the 14 most common irregular verbs, and common ways of combining verbs.
    • The rules for formation of verb endings in this chart give the correct result in all cases, but be aware that the rules are usually taught in a more complicated way in books and language classes.
    • The tu and vós cases are not shown since they are almost never used in Brazil.
    • An empty box means that the verb is regular in that tense. This is not an oversight. They are deliberately empty because it is not something that you need to memorize. If you learn the template case, you can deduce what should be in the box.
    • A regular conjugation is shown (in italics) when it is part of a list of irregular conjugations because it makes it easier to memorize the list; eg., damos is regular though the rest of the verb is irregular.
    • "dir__" means each conjugation begins with dir rather than the infinitive dizer; likewise for "far__" and "trar__".
    • The conditional follows the same pattern as the er/ir endings in the imperfect, but the ending is attached to the infinitive instead of to the stem.
    • The present participle is used with estar. The past participle is used with ter.
    • Conjugations that are identical (and therefore ambiguous unless you have some context):
      • The eu vs. the você/ele/ela case in imperfect.
      • The eu vs. the você/ele/ela case in conditional.
      • The nós case in present vs. past.
      • All cases of ir vs. ser in past tense.
      • The nós vimos in ver vs. vir.
  • Footnotes
    • *1: Non-conditional usage of "would", like "I would speak every day" or "I would speak often with my friends".
    • *2: Conditional usage of "would", like "I would speak if I could".
    • *3: It is more common (and easier!) to use ir+verb to do the future tense. See the the example in Common ways to combine verbs in Portuguese.
    • *4: Regarding estar:
      • estive, etc. (past) are rarely used
      • estando (present participle) is rarely used
      • estava, etc. (imperfect) are very common and regular
      • estou, está, estão, estava, estavam, & estado often shortened to tou, tá, tão, tava, tavam, & tado
    • *5: Regarding poder:
      • poder and conseguir are often confused
      • poder is combined with another verb to mean "can / to be able to"
      • conseguir is used similarly but has subtle distinctions
      • Used by itself, conseguir means "to get / to obtain / to succeed in"
    • *6: Regarding pôr:
      • punha, etc. (imperfect) are rarely used
      • The following have the same irregular conjugation as pôr: compor, impor, supor, propor, dispor, expor
      • pôr and colocar both mean "to put" but colocar is more common
      • pôr and compor follow the same rules as the -er/ir verbs for the conditional, the future, and the three subjunctive tenses with the following exception: In imperfect subjunctive, it is not pusêssemos but rather puséssemos, and likewise compuséssemos, etc.
    • *7: Commands, like Pare o carro! (Stop the car!), normally use present subjunctive. Confusingly, there is also something known as the imperative tense in Portuguese, but it has a different purpose. That imperative tense is not shown since it is used only with the tu and vós cases which are almost never used in Brazil.
    • *8: Auxiliary verbs like must/should/can/may/would are tricky. As in English, Portuguese auxiliary verbs are sometimes interchangeable (Can I have a coffee? May I have a coffee?) and sometimes not (He can climb Mount Everest. vs. He may climb Mount Everest.) The following rule works pretty well in most cases:
      • dever in present tense = must
      • dever in past tense = should
      • poder in present tense = can, may
      • poder in past tense = would
    • *9: dever by itself is "to owe"; eg., eu devo by itself is "I owe" (not "I must").
    • *10: Eu posso falar can be used in the sense of "I can/may speak to him about the job", but not for "I can speak Portuguese". For that, use: Eu sei português (I know Portuguese)
© 2014 brazilsense.com       Email: dacanada [at-sign] nym.hush.com       Version: 1.0